sustitute of calcined petroleim coke process

Petroleum Coke - an overview | …

Petroleum coke (also known as pet coke) is a carbonaceous solid derived from the cracking processes of oil refineries and has been a source of relatively cheap pulverized fuel for the kiln industry. It is called green coke until it is thermally treated into crystalline or calcined pet coke used in the manufacture of electrodes for steel and aluminum extraction.

Petroleum Coke - Predel - - Major …

23.09.2014· Production Processes: 3.1.1. Delayed Coking: 3.1.2. Fluid Coking: 3.1.3. Flexicoking: 3.2. Calcination: 3.2.1. Rotary Kiln Calciner: 3.2.2. Rotary Hearth Calciner: 3.2.3. Shaft Kiln Calciner: 4. Uses and Economic Aspects: 4.1. Green Petroleum Coke: 4.2. Calcined Petroleum Coke: 4.2.1. Anode‐Grade Coke (Regular Calcinate) 4.2.2. Needle Coke: 5. Quality Aspects: 5.1. Green Coke…

Heat Transfer Characteristics of Calcined …

This paper reports the results of heat transfer characteristics of calcined petroleum coke in waste heat recovery process. The model of heat exchanger was set up. The model has been used to investigate the effects of porosity (0.58 to 0.79), equivalent heat conductivity coefficient (0.9 to 1.1), and equivalent specific heat (0.9 to 1.1). The calculated values of calcined petroleum coke

Standard Test Method for Determination of Crystallite Size

calcined petroleum coke by interpretation of a X-ray diffraction pattern produced through conventional X-ray scanning tech-niques. 1.2 Calcined petroleum coke contains crystallites of differ-ent thicknesses. This test method covers the determination of the average thickness of all crystallites in the sample by

The History and Future Challenges of Calcined Petroleum

petroleum coke (GPC) at temperatures greater than 1200 C. The production of GPC has remained essentially the same since 1929 when the modern delayed coking process was born. This was followed in 1935 by the development of the rotary kiln cal-cining process, which is the most commonly used technology in the Western world. CPC production

The History and Future Challenges of Calcined Petroleum

petroleum coke (GPC) at temperatures greater than 1200 C. The production of GPC has remained essentially the same since 1929 when the modern delayed coking process was born. This was followed in 1935 by the development of the rotary kiln cal-cining process, which is the most commonly used technology in the Western world. CPC production

Coustion of petroleum coke dust as a …

In the Saguenay region, Alcan operates two coke calcination rotary kilns to supply with calcined coke its prebaked anode and Soderberg paste smelters. The annual production is approximately 220 000 t of calcined coke. For the last few years, the unwanted emissions of under calcined coke dust (UCCD) emitted from the kilns along with the hot gas reaches approximately 16 000 …

Calcined Petroleum Coke - Oxbow

Currently, there is no known commercially viable substitute for calcined petroleum coke in the fabriion and utilization of aluminum smelter anodes. The majority of Oxbow''s calcined petroleum coke finds its way into the primary aluminum industry while another large segment is used in the steel industry as a recarburizing agent.

Petroleum coke emerging as attractive …

01.09.2016· Pet coke is emerging as a promising substitute for naphtha and natural gas in the production of these derivatives. Further, these aforementioned intermediates are witnessing increasing demand in manufacturing plastics, polymer, resins, solvents et cetera, which is expected to boost pet coke consumption across the globe in the coming years.

Calcined Petroleum Coke - Oxbow

Currently, there is no known commercially viable substitute for calcined petroleum coke in the fabriion and utilization of aluminum smelter anodes. The majority of Oxbow''s calcined petroleum coke finds its way into the primary aluminum industry while another large segment is used in the steel industry as a recarburizing agent.

Petroleum coke - Wikipedia

Technological process of petroleum coke calcining is intended for receiving calcinated coke conforming to requirements by removal from crude petroleum coke of volatile components and moisture. The project of import unit of petroleum coke calcining is executed by the “Mannesmann” firm (Germany) and the “VNIPIneft” institute, Moscow.

STUDY ON PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF …

graphite electrode, needle-grade, titanium dioxide pigments. Petroleum coke (green and calcined) is produced by the high pressure thermal decomposition of heavy petroleum process streams and residues. Green coke undergoes additional thermal processing to produce calcined coke. Various properties of calcined cokes from several refineries were analyzed.

(PDF) Calcinations of Petroleum coke - …

An alternative supply of anode coke is required to supplement or eventually replace calcined petroleum coke.

Calcined Petroleum Coke, Injection Coke / …

The Green Petroleum Coke is a byproduct of oil refining process. Green Petroleum Coke is to be Calcined after extraction. Calcining is done in a rotary kiln to temperatures of 1600oC. CPC has Fixed Carbon Content of 99% +/- and Volatile Content 0.5%. Sulphur content varies depending on the crude used to make the Green Petroleum Coke and will

Petroleum coke - Global Energy Monitor

09.01.2020· Petroleum coke (often abbreviated petcoke) is a carbonaceous solid derived from oil refinery coker units or other cracking processes. Other coke has traditionally been derived from coal. Petroleum coke is a heavy fuel source produced when oil refiners split crude oil into different commercial products. Like coal, pet coke can be burned to generate power, and can be gasified in order to provide cleaner-burning "substitute …

Green Petroleum Coke & Calcined …

21.07.2020· Green Petroleum Coke & Calcined Petroleum Coke Industry Description The Green Petroleum Coke & Calcined Petroleum Coke market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.84% from 24.11 billion USD in 2018

Calcined Coke - Aluminium Bahrain

Calcined petroleum coke is the major raw material required for the production of carbon anodes used in the aluminium smelting process. Green coke (raw coke) is the product of the coker unit in a crude oil refinery and must possess sufficiently low metal content in order to be used as anode material. The quality of calcined petroleum coke has a vital role in the resultant …

The History and Future Challenges of Calcined Petroleum

petroleum coke (GPC) at temperatures greater than 1200 C. The production of GPC has remained essentially the same since 1929 when the modern delayed coking process was born. This was followed in 1935 by the development of the rotary kiln cal-cining process, which is the most commonly used technology in the Western world. CPC production

The History and Future Challenges of …

20.12.2014· A good review of the history and production of GPC can be found in the tutorial by Ellis and Paul.4 Delayed coking is a “carbon rejection” process used to upgrade the heavy residuum or resid from the bottom of vacuum distillation towers and other refinery process units. Delayed coking significantly increases the recovery of valuable gas and liquid products such …

Petroleum Coke - Predel - - Major …

23.09.2014· Production Processes: 3.1.1. Delayed Coking: 3.1.2. Fluid Coking: 3.1.3. Flexicoking: 3.2. Calcination: 3.2.1. Rotary Kiln Calciner: 3.2.2. Rotary Hearth Calciner: 3.2.3. Shaft Kiln Calciner: 4. Uses and Economic Aspects: 4.1. Green Petroleum Coke: 4.2. Calcined Petroleum Coke: 4.2.1. Anode‐Grade Coke (Regular Calcinate) 4.2.2. Needle Coke: 5. Quality Aspects: 5.1. Green Coke…

Calcined Petroleum Coke - Oxbow

Currently, there is no known commercially viable substitute for calcined petroleum coke in the fabriion and utilization of aluminum smelter anodes. The majority of Oxbow''s calcined petroleum coke finds its way into the primary aluminum industry while another large segment is used in the steel industry as a recarburizing agent.

Production and Appliion of Calcined Coke In Rotary

Calcined coke is produced from delayed process green coke by a process of further heating at temperatures up to 1200 o C. The product of calcining removes virtually the entire residual hydrocarbon including PAHs and the result is a dustier material. Calcined coke is characterized as either anode-grade

Project Report on CALCINED PETROLEUM …

This coke is the product of the coker unit in a crude oil refinery. The calcined petroleum coke is used to make anodes for the aluminum, steel and titanium smelting industry. The green coke must have sufficiently low metals content in order to be used as anode material. Green coke with this low metals content is referred to as anode grade coke.

STUDY ON PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF …

graphite electrode, needle-grade, titanium dioxide pigments. Petroleum coke (green and calcined) is produced by the high pressure thermal decomposition of heavy petroleum process streams and residues. Green coke undergoes additional thermal processing to produce calcined coke. Various properties of calcined cokes from several refineries were analyzed.

Petroleum Coke - an overview | …

Petroleum coke (also known as pet coke) is a carbonaceous solid derived from the cracking processes of oil refineries and has been a source of relatively cheap pulverized fuel for the kiln industry. It is called green coke until it is thermally treated into crystalline or calcined pet coke used in the manufacture of electrodes for steel and aluminum extraction.

Petroleum coke - Global Energy Monitor

09.01.2020· Petroleum coke (often abbreviated petcoke) is a carbonaceous solid derived from oil refinery coker units or other cracking processes. Other coke has traditionally been derived from coal. Petroleum coke is a heavy fuel source produced when oil refiners split crude oil into different commercial products. Like coal, pet coke can be burned to generate power, and can be gasified in order to provide cleaner-burning "substitute …

PETROLEUM COKE: ESSENTIAL TO MANUFACTURING

Steel:Calcined petcoke is a partial replacement for metallurgical coal as a feedstock for coke oven batteries, and as a partial substitute for pulverized coal directly injected into blast furnaces. Petcoke that is specially produced to have a needle-like crystal structure is called needle coke.